COVID-19 Evidence Reviews
as of 7/10/20
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Candidate Therapeutics
 
= living review
= draft/preprint   |  
= meets mimimum quality standards   |  

A review with this mark was peer-reviewed, described systematic search and study selection, and included critical appraisal of primary studies.
latest update
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7/1/20
Systematic Review and Meta
Alizadeh F, Khodavandi A | IEEE Trans Nanobioscience
Aim: To summarize the available evidence on the efficacy of nanoscale materials against coronaviruses in vitro and in animal models.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
6/23/20
Effectiveness and Safety o
Lu S, Zhou Q, Huang L, et al. | Ann Transl Med
Aim: To review the evidence on the use of glucocorticoids in treating COVID-19.
UPDATED
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
6/23/20
Effectiveness of Intraveno
Zhang J, Yang Y, Yang N, et al. | Ann Transl Med
Aim: To explore the clinical effectiveness and safety of IVIG in the treatment of children with severe COVID-19.
UPDATED
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
6/23/20
Efficacy and Safety of Ant
Wang J, Tang Y, Ma Y, et al. | Ann Transl Med
Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of antibiotic agents in children with COVID-19, as well as to introduce the present situation of antibiotics use and bacterial coinfections in COVID-19 patients. 
UPDATED
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
6/23/20
Potential Effectiveness an
Shi Q, Zhou Q, Wang X, et al. | Ann Transl Med
Aim: To assess the potential effectiveness and safety of antiviral agents for COVID-19 in children. 
UPDATED
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
6/20/20
Antithrombotic therapies i
Maldonado E, Tao D, Mackey K | J Gen Intern Med
Aim: To synthesize evidence on thromboembolism incidence and outcomes with antithrombotic therapies in COVID-19.
UPDATED
VA ESP
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
6/17/20
COVID 19 therapies and ant
Di Lorenzo G, Di Trolio R, Kozlakidis Z, et al. | Crit Rev Oncol Hematol
Aim: To review the evidence on the clinical outcomes of COVID-19-positive patients and the possible interactions between drugs used in experimental therapy of COVID-19 and commonly used antineoplastic drugs.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
6/14/20
Ivermectin: a systematic r
Heidary F, Gharebaghi R | J Antibiot (Tokyo)
Aim: To summarize the antiviral effects of ivermectin by reviewing available in vivo and in vitro studies over the past 50 years.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
6/13/20
Effect of Convalescent Pla
Zhu T, Xu A, Bai X, et al. | Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Aim: To systematically review evidence for the effect of convalescent plasma and immunoglobulin on treatment of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and further provide advice on the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
6/9/20
Does Adding of Hydroxychlo
Patel TK, Barvaliya M, Kevadiya BD, et al. | J Neuroimmune Pharmacol
Aim: To find out early trends of mortality in COVID-19 patients treated with hydroxychloroquine based on published literature.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
6/9/20
Use of Remdesivir in the M
Nasir M, Talha KA, Islam T, et al. | Mymensingh Med J
Aim:  To evaluate the available evidence on efficacy, safety to identify any promising role for compassionate use of remdesivir in patient suffered for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) as re-purposeful use. 
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
6/8/20
The potential of drug repo
Lima WG, Brito J, Overhage J, et al. | Arch Virol
Aim: To describe the drug repositioning strategy against SARS-CoV-2 and to discuss the clinical impact of this approach in the current pandemic context. 
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
6/5/20
Vaccines and Drug Therapeu
Bhagavathula AS, Aldhaleei WA, Rovetta A, et al. | Cureus
Aim: To extract and summarize information on potential vaccines and therapeutic agents against COVID-19 at different stages of clinical trials from January to March 2020.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
6/4/20
Efficacy and safety of cor
Ye Z, Wang Y, Colunga-Lozano LE, et al. | CMAJ
Aim: To examine the impact of corticosteroids in COVID-19 and related severe acute respiratory illnesses to support a guideline for managing COVID-19.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
6/3/20
Efficacy and safety of ant
Liu W, Zhou P, Chen K, et al. | CMAJ
Aim: To support the development of a COVID-19 management guideline by reviewing evidence that addressed the benefits and harms of 7 antiviral treatments for COVID-19.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/28/20
An Updated Systematic Revi
Das S, Bhowmick S, Tiwari S, et al. | Clin Drug Investig
Aim: To systematically review the therapeutic role of HCQ in COVID-19 from the available literature.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/27/20
Hydroxychloroquine or Chlo
Hernandez AV, Roman YM, Pasupuleti V, et al. | Ann Intern Med
Aim: To summarize evidence about the benefits and harms of hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine for the treatment or prophylaxis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/27/20
Treatments administered to
Fajgenbaum DC, Khor JS, Gorzewski A, et al. | Infect Dis Ther
Aim: To systematically evaluate the treatments adminstered to COVID-19 patients.
UPDATED
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/26/20
Clinical evidence for repu
Rodrigo C, Fernando SD, Rajapakse S | Clin Microbiol Infect
Aim: To summarize evidence from human clinical studies for using HCQ or CQ as antiviral agents for any viral infection.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/23/20
Herbal Medicine for the Tr
Ang L, Song E, Lee HW, et al. | J Clin Med
Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness and adverse events of herbal medicines for the treatment of COVID-19.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/22/20
Efficacy and safety of con
Devasenapathy N, Ye Z, Loeb M, et al. | CMAJ
Aim: To review the safety and efficacy of convalescent plasma in severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients for guideline development
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/21/20
Clinical Outcomes in COVID
Antwi-Amoabeng D, Kanji Z, Ford B, et al. | J Med Virol
Aim: To summarize the baseline characteristics of COVID-19 patients who received tocilizumab in order to identify nuanced predictors of response to therapy and other clinical outcomes.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/19/20
Hydroxychloroquine effects
Sachdeva M, Mufti A, Maliyar K, et al. | J Am Acad Dermatol
Aim: To conduct a systematic review of previously reported cases of psoriasis onset, exacerbation, or relapse after HCQ treatment.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/15/20
ACEI/ARB Use and Risk of I
Zhang X, Yu J, Pan L, et al. | Pharmacol Res
Aim: To (1) determine whether use of ACRI/ARB is associated with an increase in likelihood of viral infectivity; (2) to investigate whether there are differences in severity and mortality between ACRI/ARB users and non- ACRI/ARB users; (3) and, in particular, to evaluate whether ACRI/ARB exposure was associated with a lower risk of mortality when compared to non-ACRI/ARB antihypertensive drug exposure. 
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/14/20
Convalescent Plasma or Hyp
Valk SJ, Piechotta V, Chai KL, et al. | Cochrane Database Syst Rev
Aim: To assess whether convalescent plasma or hyperimmune immunoglobulin transfusion is effective and safe in the treatment of people with COVID?19.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/14/20
Should azithromycin be use
Gbinigie K, Frie K | BJGP Open
Aim: To review the evidence for the effectiveness and safety of azithromycin in treating COVID-19.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/12/20
A Rapid Systematic Review
Chowdhury MS, Rathod J, Gernsheimer,J | Acad Emerg Med
Aim: To examine the evidence on chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine as treatments for COVID-19.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/12/20
Chloroquine and hydroxychl
Singh AK, Singh A, Shaikh A, et al. | Diabets Metab Syndr
Aim: To review existing literature and relevant websites regarding these drugs and COVID-19, adverse effects related to drugs, and related guidelines.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/12/20
Convalescent plasma transf
Rajendran K, Narayanasamy K, Rangarajan J, et al. | J Med Virol
Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of CPT therapy in COVID-19 patients based on the publications reported till date.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/12/20
Use of Corticosteroids in
Veronese N, Demurtas J, Yang L, et al. | Front Med
Aim: To investigate the effectiveness of glucocorticoid therapy in patients with COVID-19.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/11/20
A systematic review on use
Patil VM, Singhal S, Masand N | Life Sci
Aim: To review the evidence on the mechanism of action, safety (side effects, adverse effects, toxicity) and details of clinical trials for chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/10/20
Efficacy and safety of int
Liu M, Gao Y, Yuan Y, et al. | Pharmacol Res
Aim: To assess the efficacy and safety of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine to corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19). 
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/10/20
QT prolongation, torsades
Jankelson L, Karam G, Becker ML, et al. | Heart Rhythm
Aim: To conduct a systematic review of the arrhythmogenic effect of short courses of chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/8/20
Rapid review for the anti-
Li Z, Wang X, Cao D, et al. | Drug Discov Ther
Aim: To critically assess the potential anti-coronavirus effect of remdesivir on COVID-19 and other coronaviruses based on the most up-to-date evidence.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/5/20
Impact of corticosteroid t
Li H, Chen C, Hu F, et al. | Leukemia
Aim: To determine safety and efficacy of corticosteroids in SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV, and MERS-CoV infections.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
5/2/20
A rapid systematic review
Chowdhury M, Rathod J, Gernsheimer J | Acad Emerg Med
Aim: To review literature currently available regarding the clinical use of CQ and HCQ as treatment in COVID-19 patients in an effort to catalog their recommendations and assess drug efficacy.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
4/30/20
Efficacy and safety of cur
Zhong H, Wang Y, Zhang Z, et al. | Pharmacol Res
Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of current option of therapies for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS) besides COVID-19, in an attempt to identify promising therapy for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infected patients.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
4/27/20
Inhaled corticosteroids an
Halpin D, Singh D, Hadfield RM | Eur Respir J
Aim: To evaluate whether pre-morbid use or continued administration of inhaled steroids is a risk factor for adverse outcomes in acute respiratory infections due to COVID-19, SARS or MERS. 
WHO COLLABORATIVE
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
4/21/20
Antiviral therapy in manag
Yousefifard M, Zali A, Mohamed A, et al. | Arch Acad Emerg Med
Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of antiviral therapies in treatment of COVID-19.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
4/21/20
Supportive treatment with
Alzghari SK, Acuna VS | J Clin Virol
Aim: To evaluate outcomes associated with TCZ treatment in patients with COVID-19.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
4/17/20
Therapeutic Management of
Tobaigy M, Qashgary M, Al-Dahery S, et al. | Infect Prev Pract
Aim: To report any evidence of therapeutics used for the management of COVID-19 patients in clinical practice since the emergence of the virus.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
4/17/20
Virological and Clinical C
Sarma P, Kaur H, Kumar H, et al. | J Med Virol
Aim: To examine the evidence for the safety and efficacy of hydroxycholorquine in COVID-19.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
4/14/20
A systematic review of the
Shah S, Das S, Jain A, et al. | Int J Rheum Dis
Aim: To systematically review the role of CQ and HCQ in preventing the spread of COVID-19.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
4/14/20
The effect of corticostero
Yang Z, Liu J, Zhou Y, et al. | J Infect
Aim: To further evaluate the influence of corticosteroids on patients with coronavirus infection.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
4/10/20
The possible of immunother
Aminjafari A, Ghasemi S | Int Immunopharmacol
Aim: To evaluate the existing evidence and experience related to immunotherapy for 2019-nCoV.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
4/9/20
Should chloroquine and hyd
Gbinigie K, Kerstin F | BJGP Open
Aim: To establish the current evidence for the effectiveness of CQ and HCQ in treating COVID-19.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
3/29/20
Herbal medicine and patter
Lin A, Hye W, Jun Y, et al.  | Integr Med Res
Aim: To summarize and analyze the herbal formulae provided by the guidelines for their pattern identifications (PIs) and compositions of herbs to treat patients with COVID-19
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
3/10/20
A systematic review on the
Cortegiani A, Ingoglia G, Ippolito M, et al. | J Crit Care
Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of chloroquine and chloroquine-related formulations in patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia and articles describing related in-vitro studies.
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
2/25/20
Effectiveness and safety o
Rios P, Radhakrishnan A, Antony J, et al. | Public Health Agency of Canada
Aim: To identify safe and effective medical countermeasures (e.g., antivirals/antibodies) to address the current outbreak of a novel coronavirus (COVID-19)
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
2/14/20
Potential interventions fo
Zhang L, Liu Y | J Med Virol
Aim: To summarize therapeutic options available for the treatment of COVID-19
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS
2/1/20
Drug targets for corona vi
Prajapat M, Sarma P, Shekhar N, et al. | Indian J Pharmacol
Aim: To describe protein structures that are potential targets for the development of CoV therapies
CANDIDATE THERAPEUTICS